MILWAUKEE -- The rules have been relaxed. Our child development expert, Jessica Lahner of Carroll University, joins Real Milwaukee with the recently revamped screen time guild-lines for kids.
The American Academic of Pediatrics (AAP) recently announced an update of their 'no screen time before 2' guidelines
- Modified recommendations for all children
- Reflects new research and the reality that children`s worlds are surrounded by media
Almost all children ages 0-4 have used a mobile device. Most 2-year-olds use on a daily basis.
Statistics stand regardless of family SES.
18 months and younger: Still no screens
- Video chat (FaceTime) okay as long an adult is in room facilitating the interaction
- Why no screens?
- Youngest kids need social interaction with real people to learn.
- Especially true in regards to language acquisition.
- Laboratory studies demonstrate that 10-month old babies can learn a second anguage when interacting with a person speaking that new language.
- However, when the exact same instruction for exact same amount of time is provided via video or audio, no learning takes place whatsoever.
- Our 'social brain' needs to be activated when learning at this age.
15 months -2 years.: Only high-quality media with adult interaction/support
- Learning is more likely to take place when caregiver helps facilitate learning
- Caregiver serves as 'interpreter' of the experience
- Focuses attention to important concepts
- Helps young children separate fantasy from reality
- Screen itself isn`t a teacher
2-5 years: 1 hr./ day of high-quality media
- Researcher suggests that preschooler can learn via high quality media (PBS, Workshop)
- Quality content is important
- Low quality viewing is associated with lower cognitive functioning
- When those children are then exposed to primarily high quality content, they make cognitive gains
- Thus, if TV is on most of the time with children in the house, research suggests watching PBS or other high-quality television
- AAP reports: Most apps in 'educational' category have little educational value
- Kids are programmed to respond to novel stimuli. The 'bells and whistles' in many apps keep children entertained, but they often distract from what the app intends children to learn
- See www.commonsensemedia.com for high quality choices in apps, TV