MUNICH, Germany -- Seeking to assuage European fears about refreshed Washington-Moscow ties, Vice President Mike Pence told leaders Saturday that the United States would hold Russia accountable for its actions even as it works to locate new areas for cooperation.
"Know this: the United States will continue to hold Russia accountable, even as we search for new common ground, which as you know, President Trump believes can be found," Pence said during remarks at the Munich Security Conference, the first major foreign policy address of the Trump administration.
Vice President Pence's speech, which was closely watched in foreign policy circles for its signals about US strategy moving forward, sought to ease concerns on the continent about President Donald Trump, who has offered brash dismissals of long-established transatlantic institutions but few specifics about his intentions.
He arrived at a moment of uncertainty for the White House national security apparatus, which is without a clear leader since Trump fired Gen. Michael T. Flynn after he misled Vice President Pence about his conversations with the Russian ambassador. The incident dismayed the vice president while also raising questions about his stature within the administration.
Vice President Pence did not offer any detailed policy proposals during his remarks, expressing in broad terms US commitment to fighting radical Islamic terrorism and to the NATO alliance, which Trump lambasted as "obsolete" during last year's presidential campaign.
"Today, on behalf of President Trump, I bring you this assurance," Vice President Pence said. "The United States of America strongly supports NATO and will be unwavering in our commitment to our transatlantic alliance."
He sought to underscore shared histories and conflicts, and said Trump would maintain deep ties to Europe while also significantly increasing military spending in the United States.
"As you keep faith with us, under President Trump we will always keep faith with you," Vice President Pence said. "The fates of the United States and Europe are intertwined. Your struggles are our struggles. Your success is our success. And ultimately, we walk into the future together."
Vice President Pence's goal in his remarks was to reassure US allies in Europe of the new administration's continued commitment to regional security, his aides said before the speech. Many Western leaders have eyed Trump with deep skepticism, given his campaign trail dismissals of NATO and the European Union.
VP skeptical of Iran deal
Vice President Pence didn't mention the EU during his remarks, and he cast deep skepticism on the Iran nuclear deal, which the European bloc helped broker along with President Barack Obama's administration.
Vice President Pence said that loosening sanctions on Iran as part of the agreement had helped Tehran finance terrorists, a line that was met with silence inside the ornate Hotel Bayerischer Hof, where the security conference is held yearly.
More enthusiastic was the response to Vice President Pence's insistence that Russia adhere to a ceasefire agreement in Ukraine, which was established in 2014 but routinely broken since.
"We must hold Russia accountable and demand that they honor the Minsk Agreements, beginning by de-escalating the violence in eastern Ukraine," Vice President Pence said.
While he offered firm backing for NATO, Vice President Pence echoed previous calls for member nations to scale up their military spending, meeting the collective's requirement to spend 2% of GDP on defense.
"The President of the United States expects our allies to keep their word, fulfill this commitment, and for most that means the time has come to do more," he said.
Since taking office, European apprehension on Trump has not waned. US and European officials who have met with members of the administration describe receiving mixed signals about American intentions moving forward, particularly on the future of US sanctions on Moscow for its incursion into Ukraine and its cyber-meddling in last year's presidential election.
Vice President Pence did not offer a specific vow on sanctions Saturday, suggesting only that the US would maintain pressure on Russia even as it seeks places to cooperate.
Merkel defends journalists
The topic was expected to arise Saturday in Vice President Pence's talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who spoke ahead of the US vice president during the security forum.
With Vice President Pence seated in the front row, Merkel urged against protectionist politics, insisting countries look ahead instead of backward. She also defended journalists, affirming that freedom of the press is a "pillar of democracy," a tacit rejection of Trump's tirade against the media.
In speaking at the Munich forum weeks after taking office, Vice President Pence mimicked his predecessor, Joe Biden, who addressed the conference in 2009. Then, like now, the vice president offered a sweeping first glimpse of the new administration's foreign policy prescriptions. Biden called for a reset of ties with Russia and insisted that US partnerships around the globe be improved when he spoke in 2009.
Vice President Pence is on his first trip abroad since taking office. He's also due in Brussels on Monday for talks with European leaders and NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.
Trump has not ventured overseas since taking office, though he has committed to attending a NATO leaders meeting and a Group of 7 summit scheduled for May.