MOUNT PLEASANT — The ceremonial groundbreaking for a massive $10 billion Foxconn factory complex in Wisconsin was supposed to be evidence that the manufacturing revival fueled by President Donald Trump’s “America First” policy is well underway.
But an announcement this week by Harley-Davidson that it is moving some production of motorcycles overseas to avoid tariffs is fueling unease in Wisconsin — a state President Trump barely won and where fellow Republican Gov. Scott Walker is on the ballot in just over four months.
The contrasting news — Harley is based just 30 miles north up the interstate in Milwaukee — provides the backdrop for President Trump’s visit Thursday where he’ll speak at the Foxconn site and hold a closed-door fundraiser just a couple miles away from Harley’s headquarters.
Walker is counting on a strong economy as part of his case for re-election. Wisconsin's unemployment is at record-low levels and Walker argues that the Foxconn project, the largest economic development deal in state history, shows that Wisconsin is on the right track.
"This is one of the best deals I think I’ve seen in the United States as far as a major incentive package to move a major plant like this to a state," said Kurt Bauer, chief executive officer of Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce, the state's biggest business lobby. Bauer promoted the deal on Fox Business on Wednesday.
When the deal, reached with the assistance of the President Trump White House, was signed last year, Walker said critics could "suck lemons" and "all of us in the state should be smiling, Republican and Democrat, doesn't matter."
A year later, opinion polls show Wisconsin voters are split on the project and the state of the economy.
"I read conflicting reports," said Katherine Wikoff, 58, a professor at the Milwaukee School of Engineering who doesn't align with either political party. "I read many positive things. And, here and there I'll see things that don't look so good."
Wikoff said she has concerns about increasing traffic and environmental impacts of the Foxconn project, including water usage, but also said it could spur more economic development.
"Foxconn could be sort of a catalyst for a lot of really exciting things happening," she said.
Tom Deisinger, a 60-year-old banker who said he's not affiliated with either political party, said he was "fairly bullish" on the economy overall and the Foxconn project.
"What I hear from talking to other business owners, they feel pretty good about the economy too," he said. "Employment is strong. It's actually become an issue for us. You know, finding qualified candidates for not just entry-level jobs, but really any level jobs. It's getting harder and harder."
President Trump's visit comes as he is trying to keep Wisconsin and other upper Midwest states in his column. He visited Minnesota last week and North Dakota on Wednesday.
The president carried Wisconsin by less than 1 point — just under 23,000 votes. He's underwater in popularity, with only 44 percent of respondents in last week's Marquette University Law School poll approving of the job he's doing, while 50 percent disapproved.
Republicans were mostly unified in support of Foxconn, saying it is a once-a-generation opportunity to transform the state's economy. But most Democrats — including all eight of those running against Walker — are against it, arguing the potential $4.5 billion in taxpayer subsidies was too rich. If paid out — they're tied to jobs and investment benchmarks — the incentives would be the most paid to a foreign company in U.S. history.
"I think the jury’s still out (on Foxconn)," said Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett, whose city will be home to Foxconn's North American headquarters. "Obviously I want it to happen, I want it to be successful. It was not a very well negotiated deal by the governor. I think that $4 billion is way too much money. But I’m happy to have the jobs."
The Marquette poll released last week showed 46 percent think the state is paying more for the plant than it's worth, while 40 percent think it will provide at least as much value as the state is investing.
Deisinger thinks it's worth it.
"I just think in general the employment opportunities and the other offshoot businesses, there's just a lot of opportunity that will come of that," Deisinger said. "It's a big price for the state to pay (incentives), but to make an omelet you've got to break some eggs, right?"
Should Foxconn employ 13,000 workers as envisioned, it would be the largest private-sector employer in Wisconsin.
"Foxconn's state-of-the-art products will be made in the U.S.A. — proudly in the state of Wisconsin!" Walker tweeted Tuesday, as he tried to shift the focus away from Harley-Davidson.
Foxconn is the world's largest electronics contract manufacturer and assembles Apple iPhones and other products for tech companies. Based in Taiwan, Foxconn chose Wisconsin after being prodded by President Trump and others, including House Speaker Paul Ryan, whose district will include the plant.
The decision to build its first plant outside of Asia in the United States was viewed by many as a hedge against a possible trade war. Flat-screen liquid crystal display panels will be built on the 20-million-square-foot campus. Those LCD panels will be used for a variety of industries including medicine, security and self-driving vehicles as well as television sets, notebooks and monitors.