MADISON -- The first drunk driving offense in Wisconsin results in a traffic ticket. The second is a misdemeanor. But the seventh? That's supposed to result in at least three years in prison.
So, why are some of the most persistent drunk drivers in the state getting out of prison in just six months?
It's not a crime to be stumbling drunk -- unless you're stumbling back to your apartment after crashing your girlfriend's car. That happened in April 2018, when Waukesha police roused Paul Rupple from an alcohol-induced stupor.
Rupple's BAC was more than 16-times the legal limit for a chronic drunk driver on that occasion. He was arrested for operating while intoxicated -- for the seventh time.
In Green Bay, drunk driver Francis Wolfe got his seventh offense that same year. Cole Knapp got his ninth. In Dunn County, Thomas Barthman topped them all; his lifetime drunk driving record includes double-digit offenses.
David Borowski is a Milwaukee County Circuit Court judge with a reputation for being tough on criminals. He's not happy with what's been happening to the state's most persistent drunk drivers after they are sentenced to prison.
"It concerns me greatly," Borowski said. "It's not the way the system should work, in my opinion."
Since 2020, state law has required judges to impose a three-year minimum sentence for a seventh, eighth or ninth drunk driving offense and four years for a 10th offense. However, a FOX6 investigation found many such offenders are getting out of prison early. Some, very early.
"They're not being deterred from their behavior whatsoever," said Borowski.
A detailed analysis by the FOX6 Investigators found that, of the nearly 200 drivers in Wisconsin charged with a seventh OWI or more in 2018, at least 43 have already been released. Most of them are middle-aged, white men who served less than 40% of their sentence.
"I want to make sure that people who are in custody because of an OWI are not being put in the programs ahead of, or instead of, other inmates, other defendants, who might be needful of or deserving of the same treatments," said Borowski.
Barthman served just eight months for his 10th offense. Rupple, Knapp and Wolfe were all back on the street in six months.
"If you're leaving people out after six months, or eight months, or 10 months after they've offended seven times, I'm not sure they're going to get the message," said State Rep. Jim Ott (R-Mequon)
Ott first pushed for the three-year mandatory minimum sentence. He says it was supposed to be a wakeup call.
"My intent was deterrence," Ott said.
He never considered the impact of the state's earned release program.
"It's a direct conflict in the laws," said Borowski.
One law says judges shall impose a three-year minimum sentenced, but another law says judges shall release inmates as soon as they've completed a substance abuse program.
"We've always been led to believe, in fact, told by the DOC, that they're not going to get into that program until maybe they've served two years," Borowski said.
The Wisconsin Department of Corrections says the number of inmates eligible for earned release is down, so some inmates are enrolling in treatment shortly after intake. And with prison admissions suspended due to COVID-19, the wait will only get shorter. That means some inmates could be in and out of prison in just a few months.
"I'm not convinced that a 10 or 12-week program is enough treatment to realistically reduce that defendant or that person's risk to the community," said Borowski.
Borowski and Milwaukee County Judge Christopher Dee are now blocking the DOC's requests to release habitual drink drivers early. They've denied four such requests since last fall, three of which are now on appeal.
It's not that they're opposed to treatment, though.
"Do they need treatment? Absolutely. But from the standpoint of a circuit court judge, one of my jobs is to protect the public," Borowski said.
"Certainly treatment is an important part of that. Education is an important part of that. But we also have to have laws that fit the severity of the crime," said Ott.
In other words, they're not convinced a few months of counseling is enough to reverse a lifetime of dangerous decisions.
The Wisconsin Court of Appeals will decide if the mandatory law bars early release of seven-time drunk drivers. If not, Ott says he plans to take it up once again in the next legislative session.