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Who can file a medical malpractice lawsuit? Contact 6 looks at the limits in Wisconsin

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MILWAUKEE — According to a study by John Hopkins Medicine, medical error is the third leading cause of death in the United States right behind heart disease and cancer. Yet in Wisconsin, families of victims are seldom awarded money for their emotional losses. It's because of laws and court rulings that limit who can file a lawsuit.

It's an issue Sarah and Peter Koskey are all too familiar with after the death of their adult son, Chris.


Chris Koskey

Sarah remembers some of the final moments with her son.

"He was saying how scared he was," she recalled. "He said, 'I don't know how much longer I'm going to be here.'"


Sarah and Peter Koskey share their son's story with Contact 6's Jenna Sachs.

At 31 years old, Chris Koskey had back surgery at Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center. Four days after surgery, hospital staff found Chris unresponsive.

"They explained to us that they overdosed him and that he had vomited and aspirated his vomit, burning and singeing his lungs," Sarah said.

Family says Chris was in recovery when 12 days later, a doctor sent him home.

"Took the stethoscope, slapped it on the front and the back and said, 'He has no pneumonia. He's gone. He's going home,'" Sarah said.

Chris, who lived with his parents, was discharged from the hospital around 8 p.m. His mother went to his room to check on him early the next day — around four in the morning. What Sarah found had her quickly rushing her son to the hospital.

"His eyes were fixed and his mouth was open and I kept shaking him," Sarah said. koskey5

Chris was rushed by ambulance to Community Memorial Hospital. The Koskeys say a doctor told them Chris had suffocated from lungs full of pneumonia and was brain dead. His official cause of death was morphine intoxication, with pneumonia listed as a contributing factor.

At the Koskeys's request, a state investigation was conducted into Chris' death and it was deemed there was no wrong-doing.

In December 2016, Contact 6 filed a request with the state for their investigation, but is still waiting for those records.

FOX6's Contact 6 reached out to Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center about the care Chris received. It sent the following statement:

The loss of a loved one is devastating, and we offer our deepest condolences to anyone coping with such an experience. We heard Mr. Koskey’s concerns and took them very seriously. The state reviewed the matter and determined that care was appropriate.

koskey6Chris' death has his parents questioning why they can't take their concerns to court and have the opportunity to have arguments heard before judge.

Medical malpractice attorney Michael End says that due to a 27-year-old Wisconsin Supreme Court ruling, only a spouse or minor child can sue for a death due medical malpractice.

The parents of an adult child cannot sue for the loss of a child and an adult child can't sue for the loss of a parent.


Medical malpractice attorney Michael End

"The reality is, they hardly have a snowball's chance in hell of receiving compensation," End explained. "We get those calls all the time and all we can do is say, you know, maybe someday the legislature will change the law."

Don Dexter, the chief medical officer of the Wisconsin Medical Society, says the law draws an important line.

"It sort of makes sense. I mean, where would you draw the line? I mean, would parents? How about brothers and sisters? How about aunts and uncles? Where would you draw the line?" Dexter said.

Dexter says the state's current malpractice laws make it easier to recruit quality physicians and, as a result, provide better care.

"It's a reasonable place to practice because the laws are fair. You don't feel at risk all the time," Dexter said.

Doctors in Wisconsin have malpractice insurance that covers up to $1 million per incident. For families awarded compensation beyond that, there the Wisconsin Injured Patients and Families Compensation Fund, which doctors pay into.


Don Dexter, Chief Medical Officer of the Wisconsin Medical Society

The 40-year-old fund currently holds $1.3 billion, which is more than the fund has paid to victims during its existence.

End says since 2010, the fund has paid out an average four people per year.

"There has been this development of a horrible misperception about the frequency of medical malpractice cases," End said.

Dexter says having a large state fund should be comforting to patients and families.

"It's important for patients and families to know that if they have damages and they get a large award that it will be paid," Dexter said.

Wisconsin law does allow patients who are injured to sue or their estate to sue if they die.

For the Koskeys, there's little comfort. Right now, they can't get past the first step: finding a lawyer who will file their claim.

"I feel I failed as a father to protect him -- but I didn't feel I needed to protect him from doctors," Peter said.

The Koskeys do take comfort in the fact that Chris' organs were donated including his heart on July 10th. They say his organs went to patients at St. Luke's.


  • Huh !

    Sort of been there ! Lawyers don’t want to take the case because there’s a cap on pain and suffering of only $750,000 (it’s used to be ~400.000) and after paying Lawyer (1/3rd), and all the medical personnel that are willing to testify on your behalf (good luck) at a outrageous consulting fee, lawyers don’t consider $250,000 enough to work for, even if it a slam dunk !

  • Michael End

    HUH!, This story is about the fact that no family member, other than a surviving spouse or a minor child of an adult who dies because of medical malpractice in Wisconsin, may bring a case for the loss of a family member. Limits on damages do not enter the picture, since no case is permitted under current Wisconsin law. if such a wrongful death case were filed by the parents in this case, it would be dismissed on a motion for summary judgment.

    • Pete Koskey

      Mr. End,
      Can you tell me why the state refuses to turn over their records of the investigation they supposedly did? I know the reason. Do you?

  • Janet Beyer-Thums

    Malpractice is malpractice….Physicians and hospitals can hide behind laws such as this. No wonder there are so few claims paid out. I agree aunts and uncles, cousins in name only might be going too far, But if I were a caretaker sister I think I should be allowed to present my case In this case this was an adult son living with his parents because he needed their care. The hospital sent their son home to be cared for. Honestly, I don’t think this is about money as much as it is about awareness about errors made by professionals.I think a jury or judge should be given the chance to decide the relationship issue. Maybe it is time to stand up to that 27 year old decision. But it takes a lot of time and money to do so. Tragic story,

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