MADISON -- Wisconsin Gov. Tony Evers issued a sweeping order Tuesday, March 24, closing businesses nonessential businesses, banning gatherings of any size, and imposing month-long travel restrictions in an attempt to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
Without changes to limit the spread of COVID-19, models show that up to 1,000 people in the state could die and more than 22,000 would contract the virus by April 8, exceeding the number of hospital beds, said state Department of Health Services Secretary Andrea Palm.
Health officials had previously estimated that of the people who test positive for the virus, 10% would require hospitalization. On Tuesday, Dr. Ryan Westergaard, Wisconsin's chief medical officer for communicable diseases, said that figure was actually closer to 20%.
The goal of the closures and limitations, which is similar to orders issued in many other states, is to slow the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic so that doctors and nurses won't get overwhelmed with patients.
“If we do them well, they’re going to seem like tremendous overreactions," Westergaard said of the order. "That’s really our goal.”
Evers’ order has numerous exceptions but was designed to severely curtail movement around the state and force people to stay at home.
It will be up to local law enforcement to make sure people are obeying the new restrictions, which take effect at 8 a.m. Wednesday and are set to run through April 24, though the timeline could be altered.
“Folks need to start taking this seriously,” Evers said.
Under this order, Wisconsin residents are able to:
- Perform tasks essential to maintain health and safety, such as obtaining medicine or seeing a doctor.
- Get necessary services or supplies for themselves or their family or household members, such as getting food and supplies, pet food and supplies necessary for staying at home.
- Care for a family member in another household.
- Care for older adults, minors, dependents, people with disabilities or other vulnerable persons.
Businesses allowed to operate under the Safer at Home order include, but are not limited to:
- Health care operations, including home health workers.
- Critical infrastructure.
Businesses that provide food, shelter, and social services, and other necessities of life for economically disadvantaged or otherwise vulnerable individuals:
- Fresh and non-perishable food retailers, including convenience stores, grocery stores, farmers’ markets, and food banks.
- Businesses that ship or deliver groceries, food and goods directly to residences
- Pharmacies, health care supply stores and health care facilities
- Child care facilities, with some limitations
- Gas stations and auto repair facilities
- Laundry businesses, dry cleaners and services necessary for maintaining the safety, sanitation and essential operation of a residence, including garbage collection
- Hardware stores, plumbers, and electricians
- Educational institutions, for the purposes of facilitating distance learning
- Roles required for any business to maintain minimum basic operations, which includes security, and payroll
- Law and safety, and essential government functions will continue under the recommended action.
The order contains detailed information regarding the exemptions provided to certain businesses. If a business is unsure about whether or not they are exempted from this order, please contact the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation here.
The public should follow simple steps to prevent illness and avoid exposure to this virus including:
- Avoid social gatherings with people of all ages (including playdates and sleepovers, parties, large family dinners, visitors in your home, non-essential workers in your house)
- Frequent and thorough hand washing with soap and water
- Covering coughs and sneezes
- Avoiding touching your face
- Staying home
Evers defended the increasing closures and limitations on movement when asked during a conference call if it was worth the cost to the economy.
“Obviously we want a strong economy, who the hell doesn’t?" Evers said. "But we have to value a human life at a higher level. I think we can do both and that’s what this order is all about.”
Evers ordered Wisconsin residents to stay at home, with exceptions for essential work, activities and limited travel. He said people could still go outside to walk and ride bikes, but he ordered all playgrounds closed and he barred team sports such as basketball and football.
All public and private gatherings of any number of people who are not in the same family or living unit are prohibited. Evers previously limited gatherings to no more than 10 people.
Anyone who leaves home is required to maintain a 6-foot distance from other people as part of the social distancing effort that health officials say is the only effective way to slow the spread of the virus.
“This is hard,” said Palm, the state health secretary. “Humans are social beings and we are not wired this way. ... We are going to need each other to get through this."
Businesses allowed to remain open include hospitals and other health care facilities; grocery stores; bars and restaurants offering delivery and carry-out food; child care facilities; post offices; airports and other businesses offering essential services; pharmacies; gas stations; banks and other financial institutions; laundries and dry cleaners; hardware stores; churches and paces of worship; funeral homes and media outlets.
Critical construction work, including plumbers, electricians, carpenters and janitors, were also exempted. Professional services, including lawyers, accountants and insurance agents, were exempted but encouraged to work from home.
Evers previously ordered K-12 public and private schools to close. The order now mandates that all places of public amusement and activity close, including swimming pools, water parks, aquariums, arcades, museums, zoos, children's play centers, bowling alleys, movie theaters, concert venues, country clubs, social clubs, gyms and fitness centers.
The order came amid growing criticism from Republicans and criticism that they weren't involved in the decision and raised questions about which businesses were deemed to be essential and which were not. Evers said he was still working with Republicans on a possible state-level aid package for the Legislature to take up, but he didn't have a price tag for what may be introduced.
The partisan divide could become more important later, as the emergency health order Evers issued on March 12 is only valid for 60 days. For it to continue beyond May 11, the Republican-controlled Legislature would have to extend it. The Legislature also has the power to revoke an emergency declaration, which could undo many of the closings and steps being taken to combat the virus, which has killed five people in the state and infected more than 450.